Pinus spp.

also see: White Pine  and  Antique Heart Pine

Common Names

Southern Yellow Pine is a collective genus that covers several species, including:  Black, Jack, Jersey, Longleaf, Loblolly, North Carolina, Oldfield, Slash, Shortleaf, and  Virginia Pine.


The preferred construction wood of the 19th century, used for everything from clipper ship masts to warehouse timbers to residential flooring. Yellow Pine was the flooring of choice in part due to its hardness and durability.  Yellow Pine is the state tree of Alabama, Arkansas, North Carolina,

Did You Know?

Southern yellow pine is one of the hardest pines and is recommended for flooring and higher traffic areas.


Virginia pine is native to southeastern New York (Long Island) and New Jersey, west to Pennsylvania, central Ohio and southern Indiana, south to western Kentucky, western Tennessee and Northeastern Mississippi, and east to central Alabama, northern Georgia, northern South Carolina and Virginia. Because of its tolerance to acidic soils, Virginia pine has been planted on strip-mine spoil banks and severely eroded soils.

Main Uses

Southern Yellow Pine represents the least expensive, yet one of the most traditional flooring choices available. Yellow Pine is used for structural timber, structural grade plywood, building construction, boxes, baskets, crates, cooperage, pallets, millwork, woodenware, novelties, boat building, and applications requiring hardness and good wearing qualities.

General Description

The sapwood of pine is a yellowish white, while the heartwood is a reddish brown, orange, or yellow heartwood. The sapwood is usually wide in second growth stands. Heartwood begins to form when the tree is about 20 years old. In old, slow-growth trees, sapwood may be only 1 to 2 inches in width.

All the southern pines have moderately large shrinkage but are stable when properly seasoned. The heartwood is rated as moderate to low in resistance to decay. The sapwood is more easily impregnated with preservatives. Pine Logs are susceptible to fungus discoloration. Click here to find out more on "Blue" stain (pdf).

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also see: White Pine  and  Antique Heart Pine

Ash • Beech • Brazilian Cherry • Brazilian Walnut • Aromatic Cedar • Cherry • Coffeenut • Cypress • Hickory • Hard Maple • Poplar • Red Elm • Red Oak • Sassafras • Soft Maple • Walnut • White Oak • White Pine • Yellow Pine • Heart Pine

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Wood is a natural product. Some variation in color and grain pattern will occur between samples, images on this website, photographs and any specific installation.

Working Properties

Yellow Pine works fairly well with machine or hand tools, although resin in wood has a tendency to  gum up cutting edges and can present challenges with gluing.

Yellow Pine ranks high in nail and screw holding capacity pre-drilling sometimes is required to prevent splitting. It machines well but resins in the wood tend to clog abrasives; frequent sandpaper changes are required.

Yellow Pine paints, stains, and varnishes easily, but again, resin bleed-out can be a concern .  A  wood sealer is recommended to prevent a blotchy appearance when staining.

Physical Properties

Generally straight but uneven grained with a medium texture. Yellowish white sapwood and reddish brown, orange, or yellow heartwood. Pine is heavy and strong, very stiff, hard and moderately high in shock resistance.

690 Janka Hardness Rating

Yellow Pine Estimated

Product Weights


Green Rough Sawn

3.87 bf

KD Rough Sawn

2.90 bf

KD 15/16" HoM Planed

2.72 bf

KD 3/4" S4S & Flooring

2.36 sf

Listed weights should be considered estimated averages only and do not include the additional weight of bolsters, packaging or shipping crates.




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