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WHITE PINE
Pinus strobus


also see: Yellow Pine  and  Antique Heart Pine


Common Names

White Pine, Pumpkin Pine. Eastern White Pine , Northern Pine, Weymouth Pine


History

Until 1860 the Eastern white pine formed vast forests in the northeastern U.S. and was intimately associated with New England. What was once a seemingly endless supply of timber was used for the construction of houses, barns and stables. In the 17th and 18th centuries virtually every building erected by Colonial Americans was constructed with white pine, both inside and out.

Eastern White Pine is the Provincial tree of Ontario and the State tree of Maine and Michigan and its "pine cone and tassel" is the "state flower" of Maine. Sprigs of Eastern White Pine were worn as badges as a symbol of Vermont identity during the Vermont Republic and appears in a stained glass window at the Vermont State House, on the Flag of Vermont and the naval ensign of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

White Pine is the state tree of Maine


Distribution

White Pine grows in Canada, Mexico, and United States.


Main Uses

White Pine uses include millwork, mouldings, knotty pine paneling, siding and boards for boxes, crates, coffins, boats, woodenware and novelties. Used for numerous applications including carvings and sculpture, millwork, sash, doors, trim, paneling, cabinetry, furniture, toys, novelties, musical instrument components, caskets, boxes, match sticks, veneer, dowels, and patterns.


General Description

Lightweight, soft, even-textured and easily worked,  White Pine is the least resinous of all pines. Straight grained with a fine, uniform texture. Creamy white, pale yellow or light brown heartwood and creamy white sapwood. Acquires an amber patina  with age.  Pine Logs are susceptible to fungus discoloration. Click here to find out more on "Blue" stain (pdf).

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Availability

Abundant



Also see: Yellow Pine and Antique Heart Pine

 

 

Ash • Beech • Brazilian Cherry • Brazilian Walnut • Aromatic Cedar • Cherry • Coffeenut • Cypress • Hickory • Hard Maple • Poplar • Red Elm • Red Oak • Sassafras • Soft Maple • Walnut • White Oak • White Pine • Yellow Pine • Heart Pine

click the above images to view

Wood is a natural product. Some variation in color and grain pattern will occur between samples, images on this website, photographs and any specific installation.


Working Properties

White Pine  is soft in weight, light in color, easily machined and glues well, maintains structural integrity with normal moisture content changes and displays remarkable durability.

White Pine works very easily with most machine or hand tools although turning is only fair. Carves quite well, holds nails and screws well without the need to pre-drill. White Pine glues, paints and also varnishes well.  A  wood sealer is recommended to prevent a blotchy appearance when staining.



Physical Properties

Soft, weak and light with low decay resistance and shock resistance. Very stable in service.

White Pine can be a good choice for flooring, depending on your tastes and needs. There are White Pine floors still in use today in New England that are over 300 years old. They do show the nicks and dings of age, but this just adds to their character, history, and patina.

Pine is by no means as hard as Oak, but the worn character that can occur during normal flooring use  will in no way shorten the lifespan of the floor.

If it is important for you to maintain a new and unblemished appearance, then you should consider yellow  or heart pine or a hardwood alternative.


420 Janka Hardness Rating

White Pine

Product Weights

Lbs

Green Rough Sawn

2.93 bf

KD Rough Sawn

2.20 bf

KD 15/16" HoM Planed

2.06 bf

KD 3/4" S4S & Flooring

1.79 bf

Listed weights should be considered estimated averages only and do not include the additional weight of bolsters, packaging or shipping crates.

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