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WHITE OAK
Quercus spp.


Common Names

Eastern White Oak, Stave Oak, Ridge White Oak, Cucharillo, Encino, and Roble.


History

White oak is impervious to liquids, and has been used extensively for ship timbers, barrels and casks.
White oak is the state tree of Connecticut, Illinois and Maryland


Did You Know?

Native Americans and early settlers would boil and eat white oak acorns. The bark from oak trees is rich in tannin.


Distribution

Widespread throughout the Eastern U.S. The white oak group comprises many species, of which about eight are commercial. The trees prefer rich well drained soil, and average height is 60 to 80 feet.


Main Uses

Outdoor furniture, flooring, boats, barrels, cooperage and staves, flooring, interior furniture - especially chairs and tables, turnery, baskets, trim, millwork, and veneers.


Relative Abundance

15.1 percent of total U.S. hardwoods commercially available.


General Description

White Oak is straight grained with a medium-coarse to coarse texture. The sapwood is narrow, light-colored, nearly white and the heartwood is light to dark brown. White oak is mostly straight-grained with a medium to coarse texture, with longer rays than red oak. White oak therefore has more figure. The wood dries slowly.


Availability

Readily available but not as abundant as red oak.

 

 

Ash • Beech • Brazilian Cherry • Brazilian Walnut • Aromatic Cedar • Cherry • Coffeenut • Cypress • Hickory • Hard Maple • Poplar • Red Elm • Red Oak • Sassafras • Soft Maple • Walnut • White Oak • White Pine • Yellow Pine • Heart Pine

click the above images to view

Wood is a natural product. Some variation in color and grain pattern will occur between samples, images on this website, photographs and any specific installation.



Working Properties

White oak machines well, nails and screws well although pre-boring is advised. Since it reacts with iron, galvanized nails are recommended. Its adhesive properties are variable, but it readily accepts a stain. White Oak can be stained with a wide range of finish tones.

Machines similarly to red oak but has greater tendency to chip and splinter. Turns well. Difficult to work by hand. Nails and screws satisfactorily although pre-drilling is recommended. White Oak generally glues satisfactorily, stains and finishes well with no need to fill pores for smoothness.

The use of galvanized or stainless fasteners are recommended to avoid dark discolorations that can result when White Oak reacts with iron and certain metals.


White Oak - Working Properties Chart


PDF file on strength & mechanical properties

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Physical Properties

A hard and heavy wood with medium bending and crushing strength, low in stiffness, but very good in steam bending. Great wear-resistance.


1360 Janka Hardness Rating

White Oak Estimated

Product Weights

Lbs

Green Rough Sawn

5.17 bf

KD Rough Sawn

3.83 bf

KD 15/16" HoM Planed

3.59 bf

KD 3/4" S4S & Flooring

3.11 sf

Listed weights should be considered estimated averages only and do not include the additional weight of bolsters, packaging or shipping crates.

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