Quercus spp.

Common Names

Northern Red Oak, Eastern Red Oak, Gray Oak, American Red Oak, Canadian Red Oak, and Mountain Red Oak.


The Latin name for oak, Quercus, means "a fine tree." The oaks have been key in America's industrial transformation: railroad ties, wheels, plows, looms, barrels and, of course, furniture and floors. The oak is the state tree of New Jersey and  The District of Columbia (DC).

Did You Know?

The bark from oak trees is rich in tannin.


Widespread throughout Eastern U.S. The oaks are by far the most abundant species group growing in the Eastern hardwood forests. Red oaks grow more abundantly than the white oaks. The red oak group comprises many species, of which about eight are commercial. Average tree height is 60 to 80 feet.

Main Uses

Furniture, flooring, architectural millwork and mouldings, doors, kitchen cabinets, paneling and caskets.

Relative Abundance

36.6 percent of total U.S. hardwoods commercially available.

General Description

The sapwood of red oak is white to light brown and the heartwood is a pinkish reddish brown. The wood is similar in general appearance to white oak, but with a slightly less pronounced figure due to the smaller rays. The wood is mostly straight-grained, with a coarse texture.


Abundant. The most widely used species.



Ash • Beech • Brazilian Cherry • Brazilian Walnut • Aromatic Cedar • Cherry • Coffeenut • Cypress • Hickory • Hard Maple • Poplar • Red Elm • Red Oak • Sassafras • Soft Maple • Walnut • White Oak • White Pine • Yellow Pine • Heart Pine

click the above images to view

Wood is a natural product. Some variation in color and grain pattern will occur between samples, images on this website, photographs and any specific installation.

Working Properties

Red oak machines well, nailing and screwing are good although pre-boring is recommended, and it can be stained to a good finish. It can be stained with a wide range of finish tones. It dries slowly.

Red Oak - Working Properties Chart

PDF file on strength & mechanical properties

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Physical Properties

The wood is hard and heavy, with medium bending strength and stiffness and high crushing strength. Red Oak works very well with steam bending. and offers great wear-resistance.

1290 Janka Hardness Rating

Red Oak Estimated

Product Weights


Green Rough Sawn

5.17 bf

KD Rough Sawn

3.77 bf

KD 15/16" HoM Planed

3.54 bf

KD 3/4" S4S & Flooring

3.07 sf

Listed weights should be considered estimated averages only and do not include the additional weight of bolsters, packaging or crating.


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