HICKORY and PECAN
Also known as Pecan Nut, Pecan Hickory, Sweet Pecan, Nogal Morado,
Westward trekking pioneers made hickory a prerequisite for their
wagon wheels. Later, the Wright Brothers whittled hickory for their
"flying contraption." Hickory sawdust and chips are used to flavor
meat by smoking. Commercially, the pecan is the most important native
North American nut tree. Pecan was a Native American name given
to any nut hard enough to require cracking with a stone. Native
Americans, particularly in the Northeast, used hickory for their
bows. Hickory Pecan is the state tree
Did You Know?
Andrew Jackson, seventh president of the U.S., was nicknamed
“Old Hickory” because of his toughness during disputes.
Eastern U.S., principal commercial areas: Central and Southern
states. Tree height ranges from 60 to 120 feet. Hickories grow slowly
and it is not unusual for a tree to take 200 years to mature.
Furniture, doors, flooring, millwork, paneling, brush handles,
woodenware, bending stock, toys and turnings. It is particularly
suitable for food and liquid containers since there is no odor or
2.2 percent of total U.S. hardwoods commercially available.
The hickories are an important group within the Eastern hardwood
forests. Botanically they are split into two groups; the true hickories,
and the pecan hickories (fruit bearing). The wood is virtually the
same for both and is usually sold together. Hickory is the hardest,
heaviest and strongest American wood. The sapwood of hickory is
white, tinged with inconspicuous fine brown lines while the heartwood
is pale to reddish brown. Both are coarse-textured and the grain
is fine, usually straight but can be wavy or irregular.
Readily available, more limited if sold selected for color as
either red or white hickory.
Ash • Beech • Brazilian Cherry • Brazilian Walnut • Aromatic Cedar • Cherry • Coffeenut • Cypress • Hickory • Hard Maple • Poplar • Red Elm • Red Oak • Sassafras • Soft Maple • Walnut • White Oak • White Pine • Yellow Pine • Heart Pine