Fraxinus americana

Common Names

American Ash, Biltmore Ash, Fresno, Northern Ash, Southern Ash, White Ash.


Norse mythology refers to ash as "the mighty tree that supports the heavens" and "below earth its roots went down to hell." Ash belongs to the olive family, although its only fruit is a dart-like winged seed. Ash is a popular species for food containers because the wood has no taste. Admiral Richard Byrd wore snowshoes made from ash during his polar expeditions and early windmills were made from this species.

Did You Know?

Before man-made materials took over the market, ash was the preferred wood for making tennis racquets.


Throughout the Eastern U.S. White ash trees range in height from 80 to 120 feet with diameter from 2 to 5 feet.

Main Uses

Furniture, flooring, doors, architectural millwork and moulding, kitchen cabinets, paneling, tool handles, baseball bats, hockey sticks, billiard cues, skis, oars and turnings.

Relative Abundance

4.6 percent of total U.S. hardwoods commercially available.  Our present day supply of American Ash is threatened by the Emerald Ash Borer (click here to learn more)

General Description

The sapwood is light-colored to nearly white and the heartwood varies from grayish or light brown, to pale yellow streaked with brown. The wood is generally straight-grained with a coarse uniform texture. The degree and availability of light-colored sapwood, and other properties, will vary according to the growing regions.


Readily available but current supplies are threatened by the spread of the Emerald Ash Borer.



Ash • Beech • Brazilian Cherry • Brazilian Walnut • Aromatic Cedar • Cherry • Coffeenut • Cypress • Hickory • Hard Maple • Poplar • Red Elm • Red Oak • Sassafras • Soft Maple • Walnut • White Oak • White Pine • Yellow Pine • Heart Pine

click the above images to view

Wood is a natural product. Some variation in color and grain pattern will occur between samples, images on this website, photographs and any specific installation.

Working Properties

Ash machines well, is good in nailing, screwing and gluing, and can be stained to a very good finish. It dries fairly easily with minimal degrade, and there is little movement in performance.

Ash Wood - Working Properties Chart

PDF file on strength & mechanical properties

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Physical Properties

Ash has very good overall strength properties relative to its weight. It has excellent shock resistance and is good for steam bending.

1,320 Janka Hardness Rating

Ash Estimated Product Weights


Green Rough Sawn

4.00 bf

KD Rough Sawn

3.42 bf

KD 15/16" HoM Planed

3.21 bf

KD 3/4" S4S & Flooring

2.78 sf

Listed weights are considered estimated averages only and do not include the additional weight of bolsters, packaging or crating.


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